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The following resource is part of the Family Violence Initiative, funded by the RCMP. Find similar tools by searching for the FVIF tag or consult the list of available resources.

famvioelnceamongolderadultspatientsprimarycareMichel Préville, PhD ; Samia Djemaa Mechakra-Tahiri, PhD ; Helen-Maria Vasiliadis, MSc, PhD ; Véronique Mathieu, DESS (PhD Candidate) ; Louise Quesnel, MD ; Samantha Gontijo-Guerra, MD, MSc ; Catherine Lamoureux-Lamarche, BSc ; Djamal Berbiche, PhD 

"Family violence is a major public health problem, with important physical and mental health consequences for the victims. In Canada, since 1980, it is a crime.1 Family violence in the elderly is also an important problem because of its association with psychological distress,2,3 an increased use of health services4 and a high risk of mortality.5,6 However, few studies have also considered the issue among older women and men.3,7–16 The prevalence of family violence in older adults varies from one study to another. These inconsistencies may be related to differences in the sociocultural context of the populations studied or to methodological differences regarding the definition and measurement of family violence,3,17–20 which make it difficult to interpret results.4

Clinical Implications

  • Our study provided evidence-based data on the prevalence of family violence in the elderly population waiting for health services in primary health services clinics.
  • Our study documented the validity and reliability of the FVS which could be used in the elderly population waiting for health services in primary health services clinics.
  • Our study gave estimates of unmet needs in the elderly population in primary health services clinics. 

Limitations 

  • We used self-reported information from respondents. 
  • Clinical validity of the FVS is limited.
  • Our sample was limited to the Quebec population"

Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry



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The following resource is part of the Family Violence Initiative, funded by the Department of Justice Canada. Find similar tools by searching for the FVIF tag or consult the list of available resources.

 
Abstract: "The majority of older people who experience abuse are women, and to date, there have only been limited attempts to adequately consider this situation. It, therefore, seems appropriate to consider the links between domestic violence and elder abuse, including a clear focus on the likely role of gender within elder abuse. This will be achieved through the analysis of case material from situations the author was involved with over an 18 month period as a social work practitioner and manager. The paper aims to provide a brief overview of the status of current knowledge concerning elder abuse and neglect and to move to a consideration of factors from the field of domestic violence, including an analysis of case material. This will contribute to a greater understanding of the phenomena of elder abuse and neglect as they affect older women. It is intended that this will assist in the development of appropriate responses to protect older women who are abused or at risk of abuse and towards the eventual prevention of abuse."

Penhale, Bridget (1999) MSc and CQSW

Source: Journal of Elder Abuse and Neglect

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The following resource is part of the Family Violence Initiative, funded by the Department of Justice Canada. Find similar tools by searching for the FVIF tag or consult the list of available resources.

Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America (Oxford Academic account required to access the full study)

"Purpose of the Study:
Elder mistreatment is an epidemic with significant consequences to victims. Little is known, however, about another affected group: nonabusing family members, friends, and neighbors in the lives of the older victim or “concerned persons.” This study aimed to identify (a) the prevalence of adults aged 18 and older who have encountered an elder mistreatment situation, (b) the proportion of these who helped the elder victim, and (c) the subjective levels of distress experienced by respondents who helped the victim versus those who did not."

By Risa Breckman, LCSW David Burnes, PhD; Sarah Ross, BA; Philip C. Marshall, MS; J. Jill Suitor, PhD; Mark S. Lachs, MD, MPH;Karl Pillemer, PhD

Source: The Gerontologist - Oxford Academic (Oxford Academic account required to access the full study)

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canadian journal on aging best practice guideline on the prevention of abuse and neglect of older adultsSandra P. Hirst, University of Calgary–Faculty of Nursing
Tasha Penney, Registered Nurses’ Association of Ontario
Susan McNeill, Registered Nurses’ Association of Ontario
Veronique M. Boscart, Conestoga College Institute of Technology and Advanced Learning
Elizabeth Podnieks, Ryerson University
Samir K. Sinha, Mt. Sinai Hospital, Toronto

Abstract:
"A systematic review of the literature was conducted to identify effective approaches to preventing and addressing abuse and neglect of older adults within health care settings in Canada. The review was conducted using databases searched from January 2000–April-May 2013. Additionally, expert panel members submitted article citations from personal archives. Two research associates (NRA) screened each title and abstract for inclusion. After inter-rater reliability was determined between the NRAs (Kappa score of 0.76), the records were divided, appraised, and data extracted independently. The review resulted in 62 studies that focused on identifying, assessing, and responding to abuse and neglect of older adults; education, prevention, and health promotion strategies; and organizational and system-level supports to prevent and respond to abuse and neglect. Abuse and neglect of older adults remains under-explored in terms of evidence-based studies; consequently, further research in all of the areas described in the results is needed."

To access the full document: 
Source: Project MUSE , Canadian Journal on Aging, 2016, Vol.35 (2), pp.242-260

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The following resource is part of the Family Violence Initiative, funded by the RCMP. Find similar tools by searching for the FVIF tag or consult the list of available resources.

prevalience study(2012-2015)

"The National Survey on the Mistreatment of Older Canadians is a prevalence study to provide data on the prevalence, risk factors, and causes of mistreatment of older Canadians. The study will survey a representative sample of 8,100 adults, aged 55 years and older, living in private dwellings in Canada on topics including physical, psychological, sexual and financial abuse and neglect perpetrated by informal caregivers.”

Funded by: New Horizons Program of Human Resources and Skills—Development Canada (Government of Canada) 

Source: National Initiative for the Care of the Elderly

 
 
 

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