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Critical Social Work"The Elder Abuse Awareness Committee of Chatham Kent, Ontario employed ten seniors (65 years of age or older) from this rural community to conduct an investigation of the knowledge and prevalence of elder abuse among their peers. The 236 study participants interviewed by the specifically trained elders were predominantly female ranging in age from 55 to over 90. The majority were still living in their own homes, had completed high school or post-secondary education, and reported relatively good health. 

These attributes predicted a rate of disclosed elder abuse within the lower end of the four to ten percent range typically reported in the literature. However, an incidence rate of 19.1% was reported nearly double the upper end of the range, with 137 separate acts of verbal, emotional, and financial abuse reported by participants to their peers. Formal paid caregivers were identified as the most frequent perpetrators though two thirds of the incidents were not reported to anyone at the time they occurred primarily due to embarrassment, fear, being dependent upon the abuser, or simply not knowing who to tell about the abuse. In the minority of instances when the abuse was reported the most common sources informed were the police, a family physician, or a helping professional in the community."

Source: Critical Social Work, School of Social Work, Windsor University

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Definitions of Elder Abuse and Neglect CCEL

"Elder abuse and neglect is a significant issue in Canada, and one of particular national importance to seniors. The Canadian Federal Department of Justice has asked the Canadian Centre for Elder Law to provide a study in the area of elder abuse and neglect legal definitions in Canada and in Commonwealth comparator jurisdictions.  The purpose of this project is to prepare a report that will outline the legal definitions of elder abuse and neglect both nationally and internationally. 

Particularly, the report will answer the following two key questions:

  1. What definitions of elder abuse and neglect appear in Canadian federal/provincial/territorial legislation, justice system policies and case law?  
  2. What definitions of elder abuse and neglect appear in other countries with a justice system similar to that of Canada (such as the UK, Australia and the United States)?  

Answers to these key questions will be ascertained with comprehensive legal research of reported case law, and relevant legislation and policies in all Canadian jurisdictions. Our international legal research will examine appellate level decisions, specific legislative definitions, and secondary sources. These resources will be supplemented, where necessary, with interviews of Canadian and international experts in the field. A Final Report will be prepared by June 30, 2008.

CCEL would welcome and appreciate any of the following information for inclusion in this study (in any format, including electronic or hard copy, citations, links, etc.):

  • Case law which has some mention of elder abuse and neglect in terms of defining it (including obiter dicta)
  • If not in Canada, legislation, either civil or criminal, which includes or defines elder abuse and neglect
  • Policies and protocols concerning elder abuse and neglect (preferably linked to some form of legislation, for example, an elder abuse protocol pursuant to an adult guardianship legislative scheme, or a mandatory reporting scheme, or a long-term care statute, etc.

Source: Canadian Centre for Elder Law

 

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